2. Choose the Right Carbohydrates

Carbohydrates are converted to glucose, which causes your blood glucose level to increase.

The type and amount of carbohydrates you eat that determine the level to which it rises and the length of time it remains high.2

Carbohydrates can be divided into starchy carbohydrates and sugars.

Starchy carbohydrates include bread, potatoes, pasta, rice, noodles, and cereals.

Sugars include sucrose (table sugar), lactose (sugar found in dairy foods), and fructose (sugar found in fruits).

Starchy carbohydrates can be further divided into refined (white bread, white rice and products made with white flour) and unrefined (wholemeal bread and brown rice).

Unrefined is a better choice as they release energy more slowly and help keep blood glucose levels more even compared to refined carbohydrates, which release their energy more quickly and can cause a surge in blood glucose levels.

Choose Low Glycemic Index Diets
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